Edward Jenner © Bettmann/Getty Images
1796 - Jenner tests his inoculation hypothesis
It was not the first smallpox vaccine that Edward Jenner gave an eight-year-old boy on this day in 1796 but the first one to systematically test the hypothesis that pus from cowpox blisters makes people immune to smallpox.
1857 - Darwin begins work on his historic book
Charles Darwin started writing his famous work On the Origin of Species on this day in 1857 – a project that would keep him busy for the next two years until its publication in November 1859.
1973 - NASA’s first lab in space
NASA launches “Skylab” the first US manned space station. It was inhabited three times until February 1974, when it burnt up during re-entry. The event sparked a media frenzy, and a few parts of the station landed near Western Australia. NASA were subsequently issued a A$400 fine for littering by the Shire of Esperance – they declined to pay it.
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