On this day in science history: 19 October

From the days of ancient technology to modern science - find out what happened on this day in the history of science.

19th October 2017
1849 - First US medical degree awarded to a woman © Time Life Pictures/Timepix/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images

© Time Life Pictures/Timepix/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images

1849 - First US medical degree awarded to a woman

Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman in the United States to receive a medical degree. Born in Bristol, she would later go on to be the first woman listed on the UK Medical Register and become a prominent figure in social and moral reform in both countries. One of her greatest achievements was co-founding the National Health Society in the UK, which aimed to prevent illness through education on health and hygiene. By the time of her death in 1910, there were over 7,000 registered female doctors in the United States.

2005 - Hurricane Wilma breaks pressure record

2005 - Hurricane Wilma breaks pressure record © Josh Ritchie/Getty Images
© Josh Ritchie/Getty Images

30 hours after its development, hurricane Wilma causes a pressure drop from 982 mbar to the western-hemisphere record low 882 mbar. Hurricane Wilma is recognised as the second most destructive hurricane in 2005, behind hurricane Katrina, with an estimated cost of $29.4 billion. This record in pressure drop was held until 2015 when hurricane Patricia reached 872 mbar, but it was not as devastating, causing an estimated $460 million in damage.

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