Statue of Copernicus in Warsaw, Poland © Getty
1543 – Nicolaus Copernicus dies
The man credited with publishing the theory of Heliocentrism passes away.
Copernicus was the first person to propose that the Sun is the fixed point around which the planets revolve, challenging the Geocentric model that the Earth is at the centre of the Solar System. Copernicus published his ideas in his book De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), shortly before his death.
2002 – The Falkirk Wheel opens
The world’s first rotating boat lift is opened by Queen Elizabeth II.
The Falkirk Wheel links the Union Canal with the Forth and Clyde in Scotland and replaced a series of 11 locks and bridges, the height difference of lifting boats 24 metres. It remains the only rotating boat lift in the world.
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