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1901 - Nobel Prize winner Werner Heisenberg is born
The theoretical physicist and pioneer in the field of quantum mechanics Werner Heisenberg is born in Wurzburg, Germany. In 1927 he published a paper in which he described his uncertainty principle. Heisenberg made significant contributions to research into the atomic nucleus, and, controversially, was key to the development of nuclear weapons in Nazi Germany.
1952 - The Great Smog of London descends upon the capital
A heavy smog blankets the city, lasting for several days. Bus and train services were brought to a standstill due to poor visibility, inconveniencing millions of people. More than 4,000 people were killed because of the smog, consisting largely of those with lung conditions and the elderly.
1958 - UK builds first stretch of motorway
An eight-mile stretch of road is the first section of motorway to be opened in the UK. It was known as the Preston By-pass and was located on the east side of the city. The stretch of motorway was designed and built by engineer James Drake, and consisted of two lanes running in each direction. The section of motorway is now part of the M6.
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