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1953 - Eisenhower delivers 'Atoms for Peace' speech
US president Dwight Eisenhower delivers his 'Atoms for Peace' speech to the UN General Assembly, in which he promotes the peaceful use of atomic energy. Following the nuclear destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as well as the rise of nuclear power in a number of countries, his speech aimed to calm a concerned nation entering the Cold War.
1994 - Chemical element 111 created
The 111th chemical element, named Roentgenium after physicist Wilhelm Röntgen, is created by a group of scientists in Darmstadt, Germany. The element was synthesised by bombarding an isotope of bismuth with the nuclei of a nickel isotope. From this reaction only one atom of roentgenium was detected, however the synthesis was considered a success.
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