Top 10 most explosive volcanic eruptions*

Lava, lava, everywhere. You wouldn't want to be near these volcanoes when they erupt.

20th November 2016
Top 10 most explosive volcanic eruptions (iStock)

1. Lake Toba

Volume of erupted tephra**: 2,800km3 (That’s 376 Loch Nesses!)

When: 74,000 years ago

 

2. Pacana Caldera

Volume of erupted tephra: 2,500km3

When: 4,000,000 years ago

 

3. Whakamaru

Volume of erupted tephra: 2,000km3

When: 340,000 years ago

 

4. Taupo

Volume of erupted tephra: 1,170km3

When: 26,500 years ago

 

5. Cerro Galán

Volume of erupted tephra: 1,050km3

When: 2,200,000 years ago

 

6. Yellowstone Creek

Volume of erupted tephra: 1,000km3

When: 640,000 years ago

 

7. Long Valley Caldera

Volume of erupted tephra: 580km3

When: 760,000 years ago

 

8. Tambora

Volume of erupted tephra: 160km3

When: 1815

 

9. Crater Lake

Volume of erupted tephra: 50km3

When: 7,600 years ago

 

10. Krakatoa

Volume of erupted tephra: 25km3

When: 1883

 

* Since early humans evolved, 4,000,000 years ago

**Rock fragments and particles

 


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