Asked by: Mark Reiderman, Belgium
The chip inside contains a grid of transistors acting like tiny switches. All data is reduced to binary 1s and 0s and one of these values is stored at each point in the memory. To store a ‘1’, the transistor in the relevant location is switched on, allowing charge to flow through it. The transistors stay in their on or off states even with no power, so the data stays intact even when you disconnect your memory stick.