Why do bananas make fruit ripen faster? © iStock

Why do bananas make fruit ripen faster?

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Unappealingly, the answer is in the ethylene gas.

Asked by: Tom England, Liverpool


Bananas produce ethylene gas (C2H4), which acts as a plant hormone. Plants have genes called ETR1 and CTR1 that regulate lots of other genes involved with growth, ageing and cell death. When ethylene gas is present, ETR1 and CTR1 are shut off, which allows the other genes to swing into action.

Some fruit plants use this mechanism to control the sequence of cellular changes in their ripening process. Bananas actually only produce moderate levels of ethylene but apples, pears and melons are so sensitive to the hormone that it has a powerful effect on their ripening.

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luis villazon
Luis VillazonQ&A expert

Luis trained as a zoologist, but now works as a science and technology educator. In his spare time he builds 3D-printed robots, in the hope that he will be spared when the revolution inevitably comes.


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