From the Wright brother's first powered flight in 1903 to cheap flights from today's budget airlines, aeroplanes (or airplanes if you're American or Canadian) have come a long way. The two World Wars both propelled aviation technology forwards, changing the way we fight. Aerospace companies like Boeing started building jet airliners after World War II and revolutionised the way we travel. The Lockheed SR71 Blackbird currently holds the official record for the fastest manned flight.
When airplanes can no longer take to the skies, they are retired to the boneyard.