Asked by: Lydia Rae Stephenson, Staffordshire
Many sources will tell you that the first case was reported in 1896 by the English family doctor W. Pringle Morgan, who described a 14-year-old boy called Percy with “word blindness”. Morgan noted how, despite his intelligence, Percy struggled to read.
However, the first use of the term ‘dyslexia’ was actually by the German opthalmologist Rudolf Berlin in 1887, in his case report of a boy with problems learning to read and write.
Dr Christian Jarrett is a cognitive neuroscientist, science writer and author. He is the Deputy Editor of Psyche, the sister magazine to Aeon that illuminates the human condition through psychology, philosophy and the arts. Jarrett also created the British Psychological Society's Research Digest blog and was the first ever staff journalist on the Society's magazine, The Psychologist. He is author of Great Myths of The Brain and Be Who You Want: Unlocking the Science of Personality Change.